Stone Collection: Volume 41 - Item 2
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2. Charles A. Gardiner, A Constitutional and Educational Solution of the Negro Problem. An Address Delivered in the Senate Chamber, Albany, N. Y., at the Opening of the 41st Annual Convention of the University of the State of New York, Tuesday Evening, June 29, 1903 (Albany, NY: University of the State of New York, 1903). (70 p.)
Address advocating compulsory education for every black child. The speaker argues that this education should at the elementary level and have an industrial (i.e. vocational) emphasis. In addition, it should include political as well as moral or religious components. The speaker also advocates federal funding and laws compelling school attendance.