Stone Collection: Volume 30 - Item 9
9. Booker T. Washington, Industrial Education for the Negro (N.p., n.d.). (11 p.)
Essay advocating vocational education for African Americans and responding to criticisms that the author underestimates the intellectual capacity of black students by doing so. “I know that what I have said will likely suggest the idea that I have put stress upon the lower things of life—the material; that I have overlooked the higher side, the ethical and religious. I do not overlook or undervalue the higher. All that I advocate in this article is not as an end, but as a means. I know as a race, we have got to be patient in the laying of a firm foundation, that our tendency is too often to get the shadow instead of the substance, the appearance rather than reality.” This article initially appeared in the New York Independent.